The Queen's Green Planet (2018) Script

On a glorious summer's day, I've been invited to Buckingham Palace to walk with the Queen in her garden and talk about her love of nature and whatever else takes our fancy.

They're enormous pips. Yes. (LAUGHS)

It's a little-known fact that Her Majesty loves trees.

She's planted them in the palace garden for all her children.

Now you're going to amaze me.

Prince Andrew.

Throughout her remarkable reign, she's planted thousands of trees all over the world.

Now she's taking her love of nature to a whole new level.

It's called the Queen's Canopy, which is rather nice.

Well, indeed so.

The dream is to create a global network of protected forests by getting people across Britain and from all 52 countries of the Commonwealth planting trees and dedicating forests in her name.

Some of them are very small at the moment.

But they'll grow, I think.

It's a huge idea and the Queen is personally involved in encouraging many Commonwealth leaders to sign up.

This is the certificate for you to prove that you're going to do it.

Prince William, the Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry are all involved, following her lead.

I think I'm closing in on my half-century of trees planted.

But I reckon the Queen is up in the thousands.

And film star Angelina Jolie is among the many partners joining in across the Commonwealth, getting involved with her family.

When you sit up at night in a tent with your kids and they say, "Why does the Queen of England care about planting trees in Africa?"

"She's just this really lovely lady who really cares about the future

"and she wants your grandkids and her grandkids

"to be able to be running around enjoying nature.

"She thinks that matters and I agree with her."

This is the story of the Queen's unique vision, her genuine love of nature and her passion for trees in all shapes and sizes.

That one we won't look at.

It doesn't seem to be doing very well.

(LAUGHS)

Are you sure that's meant to be like that?

Somebody sat on it, I think, at a garden party.

It's fine, it's so bright.

It is. A really magnificent day to start our walk.

We begin our walk under a pair of magnificent London plane trees, planted by the Queen's great-great-grandparents Victoria and Albert.

These trees and really valuable trees. They were planted by the Prince Consort and Queen Victoria, which is quite interesting because they're very valuable to us as well now.

They do exactly the right protection racket.

Do you know who planted which?

We don't know... We don't know who planted which but they're both... They're wonderful trees. ..the same date.

They are London's great trees, aren't they, really? Yes.

Sometimes we get crows' nests up here.

We have to get people to remove them... Yes.

..because it's not nice to have them outside your window.

I think they're the most magical trees, really, just because of the way the branches are so noble and broad, one really wants to climb them.

Even Her Majesty has clambered up a few trees in her time.

Yes, I've never thought of climbing a plane tree. (LAUGHS)

Fir trees you can climb but these you've got...

Oh, I think, once you get up there, you see, that would be lovely.

It's amazing watching the people who clear the branches.

The arboriculturalists or whatever they call them. Yes.

Spread out on ropes and go right up to the top. Yes.

Makes one feel quite ill.

The Queen's love of trees goes back to her early childhood.

But the tradition of planting trees at Buckingham Palace goes back even further.

Now then, that's a mulberry.

In the early 1600s, King James I planted mulberry trees here as food for silkworms.

But there was a problem.

They chose the wrong variety and so the silkworms didn't produce anything, which was a great disappointment for him, I believe. Well...

I think he thought it was going to be rather good. Yes.

But it turned out to be the wrong one.

Undeterred, the Queen, like her great-great-grandmother Victoria, is continuing the tradition of planting family trees in the garden.

There's an oak for her son Prince Charles, her daughter Princess Anne, and two for her youngest sons Princes Andrew and Edward.

Where are these two trees?

There they are.

At the back somewhere. Shall I go and look? Please do.

(LAUGHS)

Now you're going to amaze me.

Prince Andrew.

Oh!

It's growing quite well.

There's another one there with a plaque.


Planted in 1969.

That one? That's what it says, yes.

And you said... 1969, yes.

You said that was Andrew.

They can't both be.

No, that's Andrew. Dear, oh, dear.

Edward.

That's about right for age-wise, I should think.

(LAUGHS) That's Edward. Yeah. Yeah.

Well, I mean, Andrew's older than Edward. Yes. So it looks right.

They're looking very green, rather spectacularly so.

Unexpectedly so. We've done quite well.

You've done extremely well.

The Queen is now taking the idea of planting trees for future generations to a whole new level with her project to create a global network of protected forests.

Nowadays, Her Majesty doesn't travel abroad, so she's sending her grandson the Duke of Cambridge and his family

5,000 miles across the world to receive one of the first dedications to the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

And it's a big one, over 15 million acres of the Great Bear Rainforest off the west coast of Canada, with more trees than all of Britain's forests put together.

In the small rainforest town of Bella Bella, where William and Catherine are due to arrive, the weather forecast is not looking optimistic.

You can tell with the direction of the wind the weather that's coming.

So, what's your prediction for tomorrow? It's gonna rain.

It's gonna rain. But, in one way, I hope it pours because, you know what, they want a real deal and experience the Great Bear Rainforest, it pours.

(THUNDER RUMBLES)

Bella Bella Airport, where the royal plane is due to touchdown in spite of the weather.

(DRUMMING AND CHANTING)

Out here, they call this Bella Bella sunshine.

(DRUMMING AND CHANTING)

The Queen's influence still reaches the far corners of the world.

Now, even in her 90s, she's looking to the future of the Commonwealth.

(CHANTING AND DRUMMING)

The Queen's Canopy project is about the people of the forest as much as the trees themselves and William and Catherine have come here to meet them. (CHEERING)

People like Heiltsuk chief Harvey Humchitt, also known as Eagle Nose - Great River.

Being part of the Queen's Canopy is important for the Heiltsuk people.

Our ancestors are still here.

They're part of our forests.

When you go into the forest, you feel the power and the strength of the trees and we know that they have been a part of that all along.

Her Majesty has asked me to convey her sincere thanks to the Government of British Columbia and the federal Government of Canada The Commonwealth has at its heart always been about the values that bind its people. The establishment of the Canopy is a loud and unambiguous statement that the citizens of all Commonwealth countries believe that nature is fundamental to the health of our societies.

When we protect our rivers, oceans, atmospheres or, like today, our forests, we are telling our children that their future prosperity cannot be disconnected from the health of the natural world.

Her Majesty is immensely grateful to you and the people of Canada...

..for the leadership you have shown in making this contribution.

(THEY CHANT) I have no doubt that other Commonwealth nations will be inspired by what you have achieved here.

(APPLAUSE)

That's got a plaque. That's a big chestnut with a plaque.

That must've been planted by somebody.

That was planted by Prince Albert, I think. Really? Yes.

Like Harvey in the rainforest, the Queen can also trace her ancestry through the trees at Buckingham Palace.

So, in that case, it's a hundred and...

Something. ..something years old. Yes, it is, yes.

It's a magnificent tree.

(BIRDSONG)

And the conkers are just beginning to come.

Yes, the dogs hate them.

Why would they? Well, they're very prickly.

Really? Oh, yes. But don't they like the nice shiny chestnuts?

Not really. Don't they? No. I find them handsome, conkers.

Yes, they are, I suppose, yes. See how prickly they are?

They're not really yet.

Hmm! Conkers!

Wasn't it recently that somebody tried to stop children playing conkers? Because of health and safety? Health and safety.

No, really? Yes. Soon they'll stop people breathing.

(LAUGHS)

It seems to be common now, this type of thing, isn't it?

On a balmy afternoon in June, the Queen is showing me around her private gardens at Buckingham Palace.

But, even here, we can't entirely escape the outside world. (HELICOPTER)

Why do they always go round and round when we want to talk?

(THEY LAUGH)

(LOUD HELICOPTER ENGINE)

Sounds like President Trump... (LAUGHS) ..going round. (LAUGHS)

Oh, look at this lovely plane.

A lot of the things that entertains me about planes are these big boles that grow on the sides. Yes.

So, they become characters, don't they? They do, yes.

This is... This looks as though it's got a face on it, doesn't it?

Yeah. They have such personalities.

A lot of planes have this. Yeah. These great growths on them.

And they also... It's the way the branches grow horizontally... Yes.

..instead of just curving upwards, which makes you want to sit on them and swing your feet.

If you're a monkey.

(LAUGHS) Yes.

I don't suppose my aunt would have realised that this would grow to such a huge height. Indeed so.

It was planted by your aunt?

It was planted by my aunt at the beginning of the First World War.

Really? Mmm!

Ha! I think we won't look at that.

That one, we won't look at.

It doesn't seem to be doing very well.

(LAUGHS)

Are you sure that's meant to be like that?

Somebody sat on it, I think, at a garden party. Oh!

We have just got bark all over the palace floor, so we'd better just clear that up.

The Queen is hosting a palace reception to update representatives of the Commonwealth on QCC progress so far and to thank those countries who have signed up.

The original idea for the Canopy project came from the veteran Labour MP Frank Field.

I tried to get governments to do something to link the rainforests together in the Commonwealth.

And nobody was interested at all.

Tony Blair, great enthusiasm but nothing happened.

Gordon Brown, no response at all.

David Cameron, coalition government, absolutely hopeless.

The Queen jumped at it. I mean, it's extraordinary.

I think she saw it as a way of a new politics for the Commonwealth.

Instead of a lot of old people telling the Commonwealth what to do, particularly from the west, here was a strategy which people could opt in to if they wanted to.

It's a real step forward for the Commonwealth but it's also a step forward for the world.

Whether you believe there's global warming or not, or what its causes are or not, I don't think anybody on either side of this debate does not believe protecting the rainforests is important.

She is determined that we're all going to have a Queen's rainforest canopy in place for eternity.

Your Majesty, may I now invite you to present certificates to those countries that have dedicated projects to the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

The reception is designed to encourage those countries not yet involved to sign up.

Those who have, get a handshake and a scroll from the Queen.

The High Commissioner for Antigua and Barbuda.

The High Commissioner for Australia.

The High Commissioner for Belize.

The High Commissioner for Brunei Darussalam.

This is from the rainforest. It's the best coffee in Jamaica.

Blue Mountain Coffee?

Lovely coffee. That's the one I saw first.

That's amazing. Thank you. Very interesting.

Namibian High Commission. Dr Rudie van Vuuren.

Hello. We aim to plant more and more trees through recycled water and using solar energy to drive that everywhere. Mm-hm!

You've got enough solar energy anyway.

Yes, that is the one thing we have. (THEY LAUGH)

Trees are vital for our happiness and for our sanity.

And I, in an almost sort of Teutonic way, rejoice when I get into a glade or a bosky nook of one kind or another.

How often do you do that?

Regularly. I won't say that, in a Teutonic way, I disrobe in order to commune with the forest but I think it's an important part of our mental wellbeing.

Water. Back there?

Quite a sight, isn't it? Oh, marvellous.

All gardens should have one.

I think we've got several.

And all gardens should have roses, really.

They've been very prolific this year.

I imagine you must be given quite a lot of roses.

Yes, I think we get a lot of gifts, especially from people who have just invented a new type.

Oh, really? Yes. Which is rather fun.

Other people say, "Would you like this?"

My birthday last year was very useful, we had a lot.

Very productive of roses. Very productive of lots of plants.

(LAUGHS) I've been quite difficult to give presents to.

I believe that's so. They say, "Oh, let's give her a plant."

Yes. "Or a tree or something." Which is very nice to have.

The royal family has been planting trees around the world for generations.

It's a sort of royal, "I was here."

And a symbol of new life, growth and stability.

There's something life-affirming about it.

One, two, three shovels... There you are. ..and people clap.

(APPLAUSE)

Prince Harry is already an expert at royal tree planting.

We're going to plant a tree. Plant a tree? Great.

He's officially representing the Queen on a two-week tour of seven islands in the Caribbean.

He'll be meeting as many Commonwealth citizens as possible and opening five very different Canopy projects on her Majesty's behalf.

(GIRLS SING)

Caribbean forests are disappearing fast, often destroyed by human development.

It's more important than ever to secure their future.

And these islands are now onboard.

(LAUGHTER)

I feel so incredibly lucky to be visiting Saint Kitts and Nevis on behalf of the Queen.

Her Majesty sends her best wishes to you all and is sorry not to be able to be here personally.

I'm also really pleased to have the opportunity to thank the people of Saint Kitts and Nevis for committing the Central Forest Reserve to the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

The forests we see behind us are truly amazing.

Thank you so much for contributing them to this project in the year of the Queen's 90th birthday.

And, wow, what a present!

Thank you. (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)

(DRUMMING)

On the neighbouring island of Saint Lucia the islanders have dedicated the capital's Waterworks Reserve, 5½ square miles of forest.

It's an area smaller than Windsor Great Park but every piece of protected forest helps.

They're imaginative with their trees here and use them for just about everything.

This is, for example, a local drink. They use the trees.

What people do, they add cinnamon, spices, honey and some people... (DROWNED OUT BY LAUGHTER)

Very good, eh? Have I just drunk a tree?

Yes, sir. That's amazing.

We are all here today to mark Saint Lucia's commitment to the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

The QCC initiative provides an opportunity to unite us all, develop new approaches and reduce our impact on the environment.

It is up to us to change our behaviour.

So, we're the generation who are going to have to fix it.

And the platform as a Commonwealth is a perfect place to start because you guys can all talk amongst...

Well, we can all talk amongst each other.

Share, you know, the older generation's wisdom with some new spin on it from the youth. OK.

As a prince, you are born with a natural platform to be able to try and make a difference. Yeah?

Which a lot of people have to spend years and years and years getting to that point. So, from that perspective, I'm very lucky to have a platform to be able to try and make changes.

Causes mean a lot to me but also to you guys.

And I'm still in your generation, by the way.

But, at the same time, as I said, being born with a lot of privilege comes with a lot of responsibility.

But I like to think that I'm going to have to spend the rest of my life earning the respect for that privilege and trying to make a difference for the rest of my life.

I'd like to thank you on behalf of all of us for that interview.

Thank you very much. It's what our family do.

We travel the world planting trees.

(LAUGHTER) I'm serious, I'm serious.

I think I'm closing in on my half-century of trees planted.

OK, OK. But I reckon the Queen is up in the thousands.

(LAUGHTER)

I imagine you must know how many trees are in the garden.

Well, I think there's probably about 1,400 altogether.

That's quite a lot. Which is quite a lot, isn't it? Yes.

Of which the planes and the oaks are very conspicuous indeed. Yes.

I suppose we've planted quite a lot here since.

Yes, indeed. Yes, but then somebody dies or gets struck by lightning. So you have to go on doing it.

Yes. You know. I'm sure, as you say, people will present you with them all the time.

You'll have to find space for them. Do you like climbing roses? I do indeed. They're all there.

Which colour would you like?

I think red. Dark red. It's not quite blood but that red is a powerful red, isn't it? It is.

On the other hand, that blush pink is also nice.

I think the variegated ones are very pretty.

You know, have different colours. Yes.

The Queen's project to create a global network of forests is gathering pace.

I mean, there are all kinds of different places they're growing in and all sorts of different types of forest.

But each will be a place of sanctuary for the whole range of the indigenous fauna. Yes.

So... And if all the countries continue to plant it might change the climate again.

Well, it might indeed.

More than 40 countries of the Commonwealth have signed up.

But there's still work to be done.

In the Audience Room at Buckingham Palace, the Queen is waiting for the President of Fiji.

The Fijian dance.

You know?

Yes, ma'am.

The President of the Republic of Fiji and Mrs Sarote Konrote, Your Majesty.

Hello. Very nice to see you.

Your Majesty.

(CLAPS)

And this is my wife, Your Majesty. Very nice to see you.

You're on a visit, then?

Um, on a very brief visit. A brief visit?

Yes, ma'am. Mm-hm!

President George Konrote has suggested an area of Fiji's tropical rainforest as a potential contribution to the Queen's Canopy.

Now, first of all, I'm going to give you the, um...

You know the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy?

Yes, ma'am. I gather that Fiji has already decided to join this.

This is the certificate for you to prove that you're going to do it.

Thank you very much indeed. I receive that with great honour and thanks and appreciation from the government.

We'd be very happy to be part of your initiative and promote the Commonwealth Canopy.

And this is a forest, is it, somewhere?

Um, we have some forests back at home.

Not as big as yours. (LAUGHS) No.

I don't... Yes, because it's quite difficult to keep a forest, isn't it, really? People try to chop the forests down and build other crops. Shall we put it back here for the moment?

Thank you. Because you don't want to keep it.

Thank you. Right.

Well, would you like to come and take a seat here?

Oh, I felt very welcome at the places I talked to Her Majesty.

What an honour and a privilege to be able to sit down and talk to her for about half an hour.

She's quite a woman.

The Queen is an expert at exercising so-called soft power, whether it's welcoming world leaders in London or dispatching her family on diplomatic missions abroad.

The next Canopy dedication on Prince Harry's Caribbean tour is from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

200 acres of tropical forest that make up the Vermont Nature Trail.

Working on the Canopy project are two young foresters Jodelia and Felicia.

Well, what we like about this area is that there are different species.

Around us are all different species of trees and the growth below.

Are you best friends? (THEY LAUGH)

Yeah. Yeah, we are.

We work along... Everything we do, we work along with one another.

We started the same... The same day, same year, everything.

And what do you do in your daily job?

In our daily job, we normally supervise. We supervise workers, people. Mm-hm! And sometimes we patrol the area.

The forest area and farmlands... Mm-hm!

..to prevent... to make sure that there is no illegal hunting or illegal agricultural practices or anything in the area.

And also maintaining some boundary markings and everything.

And do you love this forest? Yes! It's awesome.

It's breathtaking. It's not every day, you can walk out your door and just step into something like this. Some person...

It's cool. Yes. Yeah.

And every day is like a learning experience for us.

It's not the same every single day. It helps our physical health and also mental. Ooh! Yeah, the forest.

There's a lot of hiking. (LAUGHS)

Game for a hike himself, Prince Harry has decided to join Jodelia and her colleague Samuel on the newly dedicated Queen's Commonwealth Canopy nature trail.

I'm looking at your shoes. You have proper boots.

Yes, I have hiking boots.

Do you think there's a lot of young people that are starting to care about the environment and conservation?

They're starting to. Over the last ten to 15 years or so, even when I started to work, there was a thrust towards getting people to accept the environment wholeheartedly. Yeah.

And it has borne fruit in that you will hear children reciting poems from the forest. You will hear children telling you not to kill this, not to kill that, you know.

Yeah. They are very keen in protecting the forest.

What's so nice is that on this island, people, youngsters, they care, you know. Believe me, there's other places across the world where people either take no interest in it, they don't care or, when it comes to money, that's more important.

Exactly. But, as you guys work here, you know how important a place like this is. It is.

The Queen's Commonwealth Canopy, are you guys aware of how big it is?

52 countries. Hopefully, the whole Commonwealth, you know.

So far, I think, 20 countries have stepped up and offered or given or said they're going to plant forests or given away huge parts of forest as part of the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

And, you know, as a Commonwealth family, that's fantastic because, as soon as two or three countries or islands do it, everybody else then starts to do it as well.

I see the benefit of it and understand the importance of sustainability. The benefit is huge, not just for tourism but also as part of conservation for the parrots, for the soil erosion, whatever it is, because if these places get cut down, you guys know this, everyone downstream is going to suffer.

Yeah. Exactly. Landslides, the whole thing, everything.

So, it's up to you guys and the next generation to have that passion to look after these places. That's true.

Thanks, guys. You're welcome.

After you. That's amazing.

I'm envious of your job. (LAUGHS)

Back home in London, the Queen's job as Head of the Commonwealth continues.

The President of Namibia and Madame Geingob, Your Majesty.

This morning, Her Majesty is holding an audience with President Geingob of Namibia.

On the agenda is the country's contribution to The Queen's Canopy.

You only arrived, was it yesterday? Yes, yesterday evening.

And rather a different climate, I'm afraid.

Yes, very different. (LAUGHS) Very different.

Namibia is the most sparsely populated country in the Commonwealth.

It's more than three times the size of the UK but has just 2.5 million people.

There are vast areas of desert and it suffers from drought and deforestation.

Filmmaker and campaigner Angelina Jolie has worked on conservation in Namibia since she first visited the country in 2003.

Beautiful. I think it's one of the most beautiful places in the world.

Now she has partnered with the Namibian government to make a unique contribution to the Canopy, a plant nursery growing local saplings to replace dying trees in the desert.

This is our ideal kind of place where we would plant out the small trees from the nursery, here, in a ravine like this.

Look down there on the left. Those are camelthorn trees.

The most well-known tree in our country.

So we're going to come up to some dead trees.

Now, these trees were once green but these dead trees are getting more and more every year.

That is quite a change even in the last decade.

Very noticeable in the expanding desert.

I love the desert but we don't want it spreading in such a way.

That's why the nursery is so important.

We must get the trees big and strong enough to survive.

That's the work that has to be done here as fast as possible.


Angelina Jolie has a close, personal connection to Namibia.

Angelina.

One of her children was born here and is a citizen of the country.

The local San people are among the oldest tribes in Africa.

And their unique local knowledge of the fauna and flora has been vital in setting up Angelina's nursery.

(THEY SPEAK OWN LANGUAGE)

My family's trying their best to dig a hole.

He's finally got a shovel.

It says it all when you see the local tribe, the Bushmen, come in and their reactions to it. (THEY SPEAK OWN LANGUAGE)

The trees affect the environment, the soil, the shade, the natural resources, the animals, the ecosystem.

But also they affect the local cultures.

They live very dependent on every single plant and they use every single plant. And when certain trees, certain species disappear, that affects an entire culture and their way of life and they start to die out.

(THEY LAUGH)

You can see with the camelthorn, you can see the growth.

And these are the ones we saw from the sky.

This is the one that the vultures build their nests in.

When the vultures are coming back and they're back in the system, you know everything is functioning. So this is the beginning.

All six of Angelina's children have joined her on this trip to plant a tree for the Queen.

The Queen's Canopy project means so much and will mean so much to so many people.

So, for us to come here and say to the children, "This is why it's important to plant a tree," that's the biggest message I can teach my kids and it's something they've certainly learned from Her Majesty and her message.

They asked me, "Why is it so important to her?"

When you sit up at night in a tent with your kids and they say, "Why does the Queen of England care about planting trees in Africa?"

And to be able to explain that to them is a really nice way of being able to explain the world at large and what should matter and why.

I think that's what it comes down to, you say to the kids, "Really, you can't understand all that it means to be a queen

"and all that," but you try to say, you know, "She's just this really lovely lady who really cares about people

"around the world and she really cares about the future.

"And she wants your grandkids and her grandkids

"to be able to be running around enjoying nature

"and other cultures and the importance of other cultures

"And she thinks that really matters and I agree with her."

(THEY CLAP AND SING)

(LAUGHTER AND CHATTER)

Foxgloves.

Those are wild.

These are things that grow in clearings, aren't they?

So when the canopy closes over a clearing, the foxgloves disappear.

But here, you've got a permanent clearing. Yes.

They are lovely, aren't they?

Much favoured by bees.

Yes.

One wishes one had more things that bees like...

Yes, indeed. ..nowadays.

And butterflies too. Yes. Yeah.

We... We have bees in the garden.

Hives? I mean beehives. Hives? Yes.

So, we may not have mulberries but you do have honey.

We have honey, yes. Very good, yes.

It's rather good honey.

I think they probably go miles. They go into the parks.

Yeah, oh, indeed, yeah.

Hmm! It's not just here.

I would keep it on the label. We do. (THEY LAUGH)

I suppose the amount of trees with which you will be presented are going to change as our climate changes.

And there will be all kinds of different trees growing here in another 50 years maybe.

Might easily be, yes.

I won't be here, though.

(LAUGHS) I was going to say, sundial, neatly planted in the shade. Isn't it good? Yes. (LAUGHS)

Have we thought of that?

That it's planted in the shade?

It wasn't in the shade originally, I'm sure.

But, er... (LAUGHS) ..maybe we could move it.

It depends if you want to know the time or not.

The passage of time is evident in ancient forests like Epping, east of London.

A one-time royal hunting ground, where some of the trees date back to Henry VIII, who used to ride and hunt here.

It's a fitting contribution from the UK to the Queen's Canopy.

The really exceptional thing about Epping Forest are the number of ancient trees.

We have about 55,000, that's ancient oak, hornbeam and beech.

The beech and oak being our most famous tress.

We've got some huge beech, which we think are about 1,000 years old.

Jeremy Dagley has been walking the forest as Head of Conservation for over 22 years.

Epping Forest is the most rich terrestrial habitat in Europe, which, I think, for the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy, makes it a very special place because it is so rich in variability.

It's that mosaic from heathland, grassland, lakes and ponds, big open-grown oaks.

Epping became the people's forest under Queen Victoria when she dedicated it for their use and enjoyment.

Now the forest, which is managed by the City of London, is part of the Queen's Canopy.

And vital work on these ancient trees is being done in her name.

The last time that these tress were serviced... Yeah. ..was when?

At least 200 years ago. 200 years ago? Yeah.

And, once again, because of the QCC, you guys have now been drafted in.

When you...? Sorry. Prince Harry.

We travel the world planting trees.

(LAUGHTER)

In addition to the international canopy, the Queen's Canopy project also aims to encourage all of us here in Britain to preserve our own forests and plant trees for the generations to come.

Winter, and the Queen has come home to Windsor.

Behind the castle walls, Her Majesty is quietly getting back to her daily tasks.

It's Christmas and, as they do every year, the Queen and Prince Philip are handing out presents to their loyal working staff...

..by a tree. Mr Michael Field, Head of Display and Framing of Pictures.

It doesn't look like very much, I'm afraid.

You're afraid? Best of luck.

Mr Andrew Whiteman, the Duke of Edinburgh's valet.

Will you be coming to Sandringham?

I will be, Your Majesty. You will be? Yes, yes.

From the 1st until the 28th. Oh, right.

Mr Gary Jones, fender-smith Windsor Castle.

Thank you very much. Merry Christmas.

How long have you been doing this now?

32 years. 30...? I was only a boy when I started. (LAUGHS)

Mr Neil Turner, senior castle attendant.

Merry Christmas to you.

Thank you, Your Majesty. You've been here for several years too.

Yes, too many, sir. Too many? I shall be retiring, sir. (LAUGHTER)

Yes, ma'am? You put in here, did you?

Yes, Your Majesty. We brought it in from the Crown Estates.

It is a Crown Estate? Yes, it's a Crown Estates one.

Yes, the Great Park. They say it was about eight to nine years' growth.

Is it? When they cut it down. Interesting.

It's a fat one, isn't it? Yes, it's really wide, isn't it?

One of the bigger ones I think we've had. A weird shape.

Did you do the decorations? I decorated it, Your Majesty.

A good couple of hours up and down the ladder. Yes.

This is always the problem, the children knocking those off.

Yes. I know my grandchildren do, Your Majesty.

My great-grandchildren do, even my grandchildren still.

Yes. I should make them decorate it, then they'd be a bit more careful.

Yes. Thank you very much for doing it. You're welcome, Your Majesty.

Thanks for lighting the fire. I enjoy that.

Thank you, Your Majesty. Thank you very much.

Ma'am, would you like a quick look? Well, I haven't seen the rest of it.

Trees have been a part of the Queen's life all her life.

Now, she wants to make sure they remain a part of ours for years to come.

Now, here we are.

They really don't...

They're Indian chestnuts, which don't grow as big as...

..as the British chestnut. Yes. But they grow well.

And slightly different leaves. Yes. But they create a canopy, which I suppose what all this is about.

And all of the countries in the Commonwealth...

Nearly all now have agreed.

To allocate parts of their native forests... Yes.

..for conservation. And it's called the Queen's Canopy, which is rather nice. Well, indeed so.

And they've, they've, um...

I mean there are all kinds of different places that they're growing in and all sorts of different types of forest.

But each will be a place of sanctuary for the whole range of the indigenous fauna. Yes.

And, you know, it does help the climate and it does help that, as you say, the flora and fauna...

And the health of the country, not only animals but, actually, the people who live in it. Yes, indeed.

It's a lung, isn't it? Yes, indeed.

Some of them are very small at the moment.

But they'll grow, I think.

Well, that will be marvellous.

A wonderful legacy.

To date, more than 40 countries have signed up to the Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.

The Queen's Canopy now reaches the far corners of the planet and covers vast areas of forest to be protected for the people of the Commonwealth in her name forever.